But when our ancestors “remembered the Sabbath day, to keep it holy,” they sometimes took their lives in their hands. 1, 65). Traske ended up in the Jacob-Lathrop church. The Seventh Day Baptists and the Church of God (Seventh Day) do not hyphenate their name, unlike the Seventh-day Adventists. It takes fifteen pages of intricate argument. In 1606 he published a revised edition titled Sabbathum Veteris et Novi Testamenti, or The True Doctrine of the Sabbath, noted for its extensive quotations from Jerome Zanchius, a highly respected theologian from Heidelberg who wrote extensively on the subject. Once converted, the law also guided Christians in holy living. We shall return to seventh-day Sabbatarianism later. Simultaneously, those loyal to Rome struggled to return England to the Catholic fold. But I am getting ahead of the story, for the conversion of Jessey to the seventh day did not take place until the early 1650s. In their defense, James issued his “Declaration of Lawful Sports.” Dancing, archery, athletic events and Whitsun-ales were not to be prohibited after the time of church services. To put it in other words, “The law became increasingly important to prepare for grace, as a guide for grace, and to achieve assurance of grace.”2. This second book got him imprisoned. While so restrained, he was branded with an I, for Jew.20. Puritans insisted on the Protestant standard of sola scriptura, while Queen Elizabeth and the church hierarchy gave equal (if not greater) weight to church tradition. 10. The Sabbath is a weekly holy day of rest and prayer as ordained by the third or fourth of the Ten Commandments. Seventh-day Sabbatarianism never became established. The resulting book, The Doctrine of the Sabbath, became quite popular. What were the focal points of Puritan Life? One fifth of the English clergy, 2,000 ministers, refused to sign. Although Christians practiced Sabbatarianism throughout pre-Civil War America, New England Christianity exemplified this tradition more than any other region. Tewkesbury was a mixed Baptist congregation, containing recent converts to the seventh-day as well as Sunday observers.30. Yet Cox and others have produced no proof confirming any link between English Sabbatarianism and Sabbatarian Anabaptism. The Thirty-eighth Lord’s Day, Exo 20.8-11, “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Their greatest legacy is the influence they had on spreading seventh-day Sabbatarianism within the early Adventist movement. Jessey accepted the seventh-day Sabbath and thereby the seventh-day Sabbath entered the most influential of the earliest English Baptist churches. This is not surprising, since the English working person labored long hours for six days each week, with little chance for diversion. Ford Prefect. And Jessey apparently did not accept the seventh-day Sabbath until well after he joined the congregation.26 While the influence may not be direct, I cannot imagine members of a congregation not discussing why one of their members had a branded forehead. The Sabbatarian war had been won. Many other doctrines and forms of Catholicism remained. For although Luther sup-ported keeping the church’s tradition of observing the Sabbath on the first day of the week (rather than on Saturday, the last day), Luther did not give particular em-phasis to Sunday. , Though there are slight differences between confessional formulations of British and continental European Reformed churches, in the seventeenth century there came to be a consensus among the Reformed that the Sabbath should be devoted primarily to the worship of God. The establishment’s vehement response to Bounde may have begun with a sermon preached by Thomas Rogers on Monday, December 10, 1599. Church historians generally believe that modern Sabbatarianism, as strict Sunday observance, first flourished among the Puritans. A Christian today who observes any day as a Sabbath is increasingly rare. Among the members listed in code were the Mumfords. 7. On the other hand, the Puritan doctrine of a Sunday Sabbath appealed primarily to biblical law. We should ignore a tradition, Sabbatarians believe, if God’s law demands it. Through their missions, more Seventh Day Baptists now exist outside the United States than in it. Bounde was also “the first [Puritan] to affirm explicitly a twenty-four-hour Sabbath.”10 While Bounde made the transition from the seventh day to a Sunday Sabbath, one wonders if everyone who accepted the basis of his Sabbatarianism made that same transition. Nor was he ever ordained. , During the Vestiarian controversy, Reformers were spurred to develop the regulative principle of worship, a fundamental article that no corporate worship is permissible that does not have the sanction of Scripture, whether stated explicitly, or derived by a necessary deduction from Scripture. There is no "Christian Sabbath." The first verifiable record of English Reformation seventh-day Christians is Sprint’s 1607 comment. However, the Sabbatarians and the Prelatic party both agreed on a number of issues against the Puritans: 1. There is no evidence that Traske directly influenced Jessey to observe the seventh day. (Kenneth L. Parker, The English Sabbath [New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988], 86). When Lord De La Warr became governor of Virginia in 1610, he established strict Sabbatarianism in the colony. When the rebels executed Charles I and established Oliver Cromwell’s Commonwealth, Baptists found themselves free to promote their faith.  By the 17th century, Puritans had applied the regulative principle to devote first-day Sabbath entirely to God, indulging in neither the labors nor the recreations common to the other six days. The Hebrew word "ðabbâth" means "the [day] of rest (or ceasing)," as it entails a ceasing or resting from labor. His view was the law of the land. The Mennonite Church descended from the Waldesians. Shouldn’t we follow his example? Yet he did not say if he had a specific English group in mind. Death was the penalty for third time offenders. Their worship was on the Sabbath (Saturday), rather than Sunday, and Christmas in particular they considered a pagan celebration. In 1607, following the second edition of Bounde’s book, John Sprint published a less polemic Sabbatarian work titled Propositions Tending to Prove the Necessary Uses of the Christian Sabbath. Sabbatarianism is usually defined as the belief that Christians should observe a particular day of the week as the Sabbath, either the seventh day or the first day of the week. Sabbath observance was strictly monitored by local officials. We will return to New England shortly, but before we do, we need to review the stories of John Traske and the Book of Sports. Although the seventh-day Baptist faith nearly vanished from the British Isles by 1800, it flourished in the colonies. In 1646, in the midst of the civil war, presbyterians gathered at Westminster Abbey to shape a doctrinal confession. About 1641, John Taylor wrote in A Swarm of Sectaries that the non-Conformist widow Constable of Brentford had become “a Jew.” Since no practicing Jews lived in England at the time, perhaps Taylor meant she had started to keep the Sabbath. 8. That is, they believed the Sabbath commandment as found in the Old Testament was both moral and ceremonial. The cessation described entails all engrossing activities of the six days of the week, whether employment or recreations, and thus specifically excludes ceasing only from work while continuing favorite recreations. Perhaps James also used him to express his displeasure toward the Puritan Sunday Sabbatarians. The seventh day, Saturday, is the only day ever designated by the term Sabbath in the entire Bible. In 1644, Thomas Adams, who was English but living in Amsterdam, was excommunicated from his church for observing the seventh day. Bounde, on the other hand, denied there was anything ceremonial in the command. He argued that until the church reformed, he was not bound to do what he believed to be God’s will. Its framers designed the law to expel all nonconforming pastors from Anglican pulpits by requiring all ministers to agree to the Prayer Book of 1662. How should we think about the Sabbath Day? How did the Puritans feel about the Sabbath day? 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