The Type 97 was deployed in China in combat operations in the Second Sino-Japanese War with considerable success, as the ill-equipped National Revolutionary Army of the Republic of China forces were limited to only three tank battalions consisting of British exports of the Vickers, German Panzer Is, and Italian CV33 tankettes. One interesting innovation was the use of asbestos lining in the turret, to reduce the amount of heat generated by the engine. } [5] The IJA determined that the British and French machines were too small to be practical, and started planning for a larger version, the Tokushu Keninsha (meaning "Special Tractor"). The design was also the basis for the Type 94 "Disinfecting Vehicle" and Type 94 "Gas Scattering Vehicle" amongst the "Type 97 Pole Planter" and "Type 97 Cable Layer". On each side of the chassis was equipped with two such blocks, while the fixed ends of the springs were in the center of the chassis. Starting in 1931, the Japanese Army began to consider the feasibility of a “mame-sensha,” or literally, a “bean-sized tank.” In May of the following year, the development of a battlefield support tractor was also discussed. Developed in 1934, the Type 94 tankette operated with the Japanese army in China and Manchuria in the 1930s as well as through World War II. Camouflaged, Japanese, Type 94, two man tankette of welded and rivetted construction. The last evolution of the Japanese tankette was developed by the Hino Motors Company around a 4-cylinder diesel engine, and carried a 37 mm (1.46 in) gun, which was far more potent than the usual machine-g… They were still in use until as late as 1945. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The initial attempt resulted in the Type 92 Jyu-Sokosha for use by the cavalry. Camouflaged, Japanese, Type 94, two man tankette of welded and rivetted construction. Such a high output has set a record in the history of Japanese tanks. (function(src){var a=document.createElement("script");a.type="text/javascript";a.async=true;a.src=src;var b=document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];b.parentNode.insertBefore(a,b)})("//experience.tinypass.com/xbuilder/experience/load?aid=bYdYZQml5V"); The Type 94 tankette (Japanese: Kyuyon-shiki keisokosha, literally "94 type light armored car", also known as TK that is abbreviation of "Tokushu Keninsha" that means special tractor. The Type 94 was mainly deployed in "Independent Tankette Companies". The factory has replaced the 1997-type 7.7mm machine gun (the Czech ZB-26 machine gun imitation modification), carrying the 1980 round, and the vehicle-mounted machine gun can be removed and shot outside the vehicle. document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ? These were tested vigorously and were well liked in their service trials. The design and layout of the tank "Type 94" subsequently became a classic for Japanese armored vehicles. First of all, the claims were caused by weak defense and insufficient armament. It was given the name Tokushu Keninsha ("Special Tractor"), abridged to “TK”. The turret was armed with a light machine gun (both 6.5 and 7.7mm versions were used), and a rear towing hitch was provided for carrying ammunition, and towing guns. They quickly provided infantry support where needed, and were used for reconnaissance. After the outbreak of the war against China in 1937, the Japanese independent light armored squadron and tank brigade composed of the 94-type light armored vehicles were assigned as the infantry support force of the Japanese division, and were assigned to the division that served as the key attack mission. [8], From the early 1920s, the Imperial Japanese Army tested a variety of European light tanks, including six Carden-Loyd Mark VIbs machine gun carriers and several Renault FT-17, and a decision was reached in 1929 to proceed with the domestic development of a new vehicle based largely on the Carden Loyd design to address the deficiencies of wheeled armored cars.[9]. Like the 92-type heavy armored vehicle, the Japanese army sometimes ordered the tank soldiers to shoot with a rifle or a rifle, and the machine gun was only activated when needed. Production ran to 300 units in 1935, 246 units in 1936 and 200 units in 1937. It was a small light tracked vehicle with a turret armed with one machine gun. In China, a 118-man company had four platoons of four tankettes. They saw action in Burma, the Netherlands East Indies,[12] the Philippines and on a number of islands in the South Pacific Mandate. | World War 2 - Burma April 1942 | Dark green, Red brown, Light brown, Mahogany; 2 Independent Light Arm. By 1936, each Japanese infantry division had its own Tankette Company with six Type 94s for use in the reconnaissance role. These vehicles had little value against enemy tanks, but many were used in the infantry support role. The Type 94 tankette (Japanese: 九四式軽装甲車, Kyūyon-shiki keisōkōsha, literally "94 type light armored car", also known as TK that is abbreviation of "Tokushu Keninsha" that means special tractor, was a tankette used by the Imperial Japanese Army in the Second Sino-Japanese War, at Nomonhan against the Soviet Union, and in World War II. It entered service in 1935. item 2 Takom 1/16 1007 Imperial Japanese Army Type 94 Tankette Late production model - Takom 1/16 1007 Imperial Japanese Army Type 94 Tankette Late production … From 1935 to 1940, Japan produced a total of 843 nine-four-type light armored vehicles, of which 836 were completed before 1938. Since 1935, it has been mass-produced. The Japanese army attached great importance to the Nine-four-type light armored vehicles. More about the Type 94 TK tank. Make sure this fits by entering your model number. A second version of the vehicle, with a slightly wider hull, was produced but the problem was,apparently, never completely corrected. item 1 TAKOM 1007, 1/16 JAPANESE ARMY TYPE 94 TANKETTE LATE PRODUCTION PLASTIC MODEL - TAKOM 1007, 1/16 JAPANESE ARMY TYPE 94 TANKETTE LATE PRODUCTION PLASTIC MODEL. Later on, one company was attached to each infantry division, comprising six Type 94s. 101 | World War 2 - China | Dark green, Red brown, Light brown, Mahogany; 14 Tank Reg. The turret was fitted with a 6.5mm Type 91 Vehicle-Mounted Light Machine Gun. The wheeled armored cars were not suitable for most operations in the puppet state of Manchukuo, due to the poor road conditions and severe winter climate. document.cookie = "__adblocker=; expires=Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT; path=/"; The bottom and the roof were three times thinner. Production ran to 300 units in 1935, 246 units in 1936 and 200 units in 1937. In 1934, the result of the work on such a vehicle was standardized as the Type 94 Te-Ke. There were two track-return rollers. Imperial Japanese Army Type 94 tankette late model. The main armament was the Type 94 37 mm tank gun, with 96 rounds, barrel length of 136 cm (L36.7), EL angle of fire of −15 to +20 degrees, AZ angle of fire of 20 degrees, muzzle velocity of 600 m/s, penetration of 45 mm/300 m, which was also used by Type 95 Ha-Go. [8] Given the utility of the design in combat in China, the Imperial Japanese Army was therefore content to retain the Type 94, although the design, and indeed the concept of the tankette, came to be regarded as obsolescent in Western armies. Both welded and riveted construction are used throughout the hull. script.setAttribute("src", "//www.npttech.com/advertising.js"); Suspension: bell crank, with armored compression springs. This fits your . , Kyūyon-shiki keisōkōsha, literally "94 type light armored car", also known as TK that is abbreviation of "Tokushu Keninsha" that means special tractor[1]) was a tankette used by the Imperial Japanese Army in the Second Sino-Japanese War, at Nomonhan against the Soviet Union, and in World War II. [5] The IJA ordered some samples from the UK, along with some French vehicles and field tested them. Imperial Japanese Army Type 94 Tankette . However, without the cooperation of infantry, the power of its 6.5mm machine gun is difficult to fight alone. The Type 94 was mainly deployed in "Independent Tankette Companies". In addition to supporting the infantry attack, the 1994-type was also used for ammunition to support transport vehicles, reconnaissance, liaison, etc., and was also distributed to the cavalry to replace the 92-type heavy armored vehicle. The tank suspension was designed according to the scheme of Major T. Khara. Four track rollers on a caterpillar pair were mounted on the ends of the balancer, which, in turn, was mounted on the body. japan import The Type 94 Tankette which was adopted in 1934, was originally developed for the ammunition transport. Currently unavailable. The armament of the “Special Tractor” consisted of one machine gun “Type 91” of 6.5 mm caliber. This vehicle has the turret mounted to the rear of the chassis, giving it a boot-like appearance. Free shipping for many products! The project gained life again in 1932-33, when the circumstances surrounding the Shanghai incident prompted the Japanese Army to formally request an armored munitions carrier capable of operating as a support weapon and acting as an artillery tractor when necessary. The vehicle's serial number is '88'. They were also used in the supply role and transported cargo over rough terrain. A large door in the rear of the hull accessed the storage compartment. The Type 94 was used mainly in the reconnaissance role and issued to tankette companies based in infantry divisions. Type 94 Te-Ke was a tankette used by the Imperial Japanese Army in the Second Sino-Japanese War, at Nomonhan against the Soviet Union, and in the Greater East Asia War. In these last two roles it was particularly vulnerable, as the Type 94's armor could be penetrated by high powered rifle rounds at short range, and heavy machine guns were found to be a serious problem. The newsfeed doesn't contain any items. The TK case was assembled on a frame from the corners of rolled sheets, The maximum thickness of the armor was 12 millimeters of the upper part of the forehead. Due to its light and small size, the 94-type is mainly used as a maneuvering force for the Synchronized Force, and can quickly mobilize and increase the initiative of the infantry attack. The exact specifications called for a vehicle that was well suited for rough terrain and could effectively transport either inside itself or via an armored trailer, ammunition to frontlin… Future Oni Team's Type 94 meant to participate to the 24 Hours of Le Mans in the 1930s in Europe, but the changing rule of only allowing vehicles with minimum three crewmembers doomed the tankette and its team from participating. Type 94 TK Type 94 TK (early) Imperial Japanese Army. A Japanese Type 94 tankette The genesis of the tankette concept was the armoured warfare of World War I . Such a weak engine was enough for a speed of only 40 km / h on the highway. Production was an average 250 per year, from 1935 to 1937, at 50,000 yen apiece, which is less than half the cost of a sin… By 1932, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries was producing an air-cooled diesel engine that was suitable for tanks. Several Type 94 tankettes also took part in the famous Japanese armored assault on the airfield at Pelelieu in 1944. In 1933 Major Tomio Hara designed the basis of many of the suspensions of future Japanese tanks, the bellcrank scissors which had paired bogie wheels connected by a coil spring. Given the utility of the des… Another problem seems to have been the wheel base, which was too narrow and too weak to support the high speed demanded of the drive train; thrown tracks were a problem whenever the vehicle operated at high speed, particularly in turns. Further redesign work was carried out on the suspension and the small idler was replaced by a larger diameter idler wheel which was now in ground contact; it did not completely solve the problem. Availability: Sold out. The design of the Type 94 was based on the British Carden-Loyd Mark VIb tankettes. script.setAttribute("onerror", "setNptTechAdblockerCookie(true);"); Then these people returned to the division as instructors to train the light armored occupants, and in the 1935 The Japanese army is preparing to form a light armored fleet in the mobilization plan. [4], A tankette fad occurred in Europe in the 1930s, which was led by United Kingdom's Carden-Loyd Mk VI tankette. The rear idler has been replaced by a trailing idler, while the drive sprocket has been lowered accordingly. $30.99 2 bids 4d. Operational flexibility by mounting the turret was also active as Tankette increased. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Takom 1006 1/16 Imperial Japanese Army Type 94 Tankette at the best online prices at eBay! The Type 94 project was generally successful, although it had a number of flaws. var setNptTechAdblockerCookie = function(adblocker) { Weighing in at around 3.5 tons, the Te-Ke had a maximum speed of 25mph, with a crew of two (the commander acted as gunner). There are 427 plastic parts in the kit, but if you use the vinyl tracks rather than the … In truth, the vehicle was also intended as a delivery agent for the deployment of chemical and biological weapons, but this portion of the project was concealed from the public, and has only recently come to light. The Type 94 tankette (Japanese: 九四式軽装甲車, Kyūyon-shiki keisōkōsha, literally "94 type light armored car", also known as TK that is abbreviation of "Tokushu Keninsha" that means special tractor was a tankette used by the Imperial Japanese Army in the Second Sino-Japanese War, at Nomonhan against the Soviet Union, and in World War II. Injection-molded, 427 parts (3 vinyl), decals. While it had always been intended as a supply carrier and command vehicle, the Type 94 was frequently used as a reconnaissance vehicle and even as an armored attack platform in its own right. One variant seems to have been deployed occasionally, though it was never assigned a specific model number. The Japanese army opened a group of light armored vehicles training institutes in 11 army divisions (including stationed in In the 19th and 20th divisions of Korea, training in Japan is mainly conducted in Osaka, Hiroshima, Asahikawa, Hirosaki, Kanazawa, Okayama, Shintoji, Utsunomiya, Ronan and Longshan. The commander stood in a small (unpowered) turret at the rear of the hull. This tank embodies the general design of the original tankette. The engine was an air-cooled petrol motor that developed 35 hp at 2,500 rpm. The Type 94 was later superseded by the Type 97 tankette. The first model developed was the Jyu-Sokosha (1931), then came the mass-produced Type 94 TK(1933). It may also have seen service in China and Manchuria. See more ideas about Japanese tanks, Ww2 tanks, Army tanks. These vehicles greatly interested in the Japanese Army, and a number of experiments were carried out to determine whether the production of such a vehicle would be feasible as part of the domestic armaments program. Participated in almost all Japanese military operations since 1937. In the 1920s, the Japanese purchased a small number of British Carden-Lloyd tankettes, the same vehicles upon which the design of the Italian CV series were based. First of all, select the elite personnel from each division to concentrate on the training department of the second team of the chariot to receive training. This had been seen as a problem while testing the Carden-Lloyd vehicles, and the Japanese were very keen to fix it. Scale: 28mm - 1/56th Resin Metal Parts Made to Order. In combat service the Type 94 was found to be prone to throwing its tracks in high speed turns. This topic is categorised under: Vehicles » Tanks » Type 94 TK We don't know when or if this item will be back in stock. At some point one of their Type 94 was upgunned with two Type 97 20mm a… In addition to the Japanese army's eagerness to use it to participate in the war of aggression against China, its low cost and easy-to-manufacture features are also fully demonstrated (the price of the eight-nine tank at that time was 8 Ten thousand yen, while the ninety-four style is 50,000 yen). The Australian Army Military History Section allocated the case number 'S125' to this vehicle after its capture and transfer to Australia. Therefore, after the Lugouqiao Incident, the Japanese immediately instructed Tokyo Wattwa to improve the 1994-style. "true" : "false") + "; expires=" + d.toUTCString() + "; path=/"; Initially the armament was a Type 91 6.5×50mm machine gun, although in later models this was replaced by a Type 92 7.7 mm machine gun. It was nicknamed “mame sensha” (“bean-sized tank”) and It’s armour thickness was 12mm, just good enough to stop the penetration of a 7.7mm round. The vehicle's serial number is '88'. This replaced the LMG turret with the 37mm turret of the Type 95 Ha-Go. However, Japanese infantry commanders felt that a similar vehicle would be useful as the support vehicle for transport, scout and communications within the infantry divisions, and could be used as a sort of “flying company” to provide additional firepower and close support in infantry operations. The suspension consisted of four bogies - two on each side. [17] The Type 94 Tankette was an inexpensive vehicle to build, at approximately half the price of the Type 89 I-Go medium tank, resulting in more Type 94's entering service than any other Japanese tankette (823 units). Some were also assigned to Imperial Japanese Navy Land Forces. Steering is the clutch brake principle. document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(script); Car Co. 201 (Company Commander Maj. Fujita) | China 1937 | Dark green, Red brown, Light brown, Mahogany After trials in both Manchukuo and Japan, the design was standardized as the Type 94 tankette. script.setAttribute("async", true); Whether for comfort or for fire protection isn't clear, but probably the latter rather than the former. After abandoning the idea of a tank with several turrets, the Japanese military and designers began to develop a different direction of armored vehicles, which eventually became the basis for a whole family of combat vehicles. 3 vinyl ), then came the mass-produced Type 94 was based on the British Carden-Loyd Mark VIb.. Articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this vehicle its. 94 tankette gun was put into the battlefield of the hull housed the engine reported. 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