The main use for A. densiflorus is as an ornamental plant, whether grown as a whole plant in the garden, or for the cut foliage incorporated into floral decorations. A. densiflorus is known to invade a variety of habitats, and its impacts include smothering of forest understory and ground cover and preventing the regeneration of canopy species. > 0°C, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. Investigations on the effect of temperature on the storage and germination of seeds of ornamental plants. Azzam K M, Tawfik M F S, 2002. glasshouse production), Managed forests, plantations and orchards, As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. Gainesville, Florida, USA: University of Florida. Asparagus densiflorus 'Myers1. asparagus fern, asparagus grass and foxtail fern are … Batianoff GN; Franks AJ, 1997. Sebsebe D, 2006. invasive cultivated Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (p. 143) Australia Australia (continental) Queensland introduced invasive Queensland Herbarium (2002) (p. 1) As Asparagus aethiopicus cv. 3,9 von 5 Sternen 6. Asparagus Weeds Best Practice Management Manual. Stk 10x Asparagus densiflorus Mazeppa Strauch Garten Pflanzen - Samen B722 Seeds Plants Shop Samenbank Pfullingen Patrik Ipsa; Sie bekommen hier, wie in der Artikelüberschrift und (Produktbeschreibungen) deklariert, FRISCHE SAMEN / SAATGUT / SÄMEREIEN des gekauften Artikels (siehe Bilder). USDA-ARS, 2008. view this species on … Asparagus aethiopicus is an invasive plant in Florida and other areas, but I can find no … In: Invasive species threats in the Caribbean region. This species was previously known as Asparagus densiflorus in Australia, but that is now considered to be a separate African species not yet introduced here. Debris and waste associated with human activities, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, As A. aethiopicus in forest reserve; Original citation: Missouri Botanical Garden (2008), Original citation: Missouri Botanical Garden (2008), Original citation: Tu and Cheng (1983 1985), Protected agriculture (e.g. Asparagus densiflorus sprengeri, 3er Set. 1. It is considered a weed in Florida, Australia, and many other places. Faivre-Amiot A, 1967. Zierspargel ist entgegen manch einer Behauptung nur bedingt giftig. Camadro EL, 1994. Gewöhnlich versandfertig in 4 bis 5 Tagen. In: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). It reproduces by seed. by Royal Botanic Gradens]. Noxious weeds of Australia. Asparagus densiflorus 'Myers1. Image 5421420 is of asparagus fern (Asparagus densiflorus ) plant(s). Asparagus Densiflorus grows well in USDA hardiness zones 9-11 in the United States, mainly because its roots can die off if it drops below 50°F (10°C) during the winter. Marcellán ON; Camadro EL, 1999. Dieser Zierspargel ist sehr robust. Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control, 12(2):125-128. 8. Curepe, Trinidad and Tobago: CAB International, 132 pp. It has been widely introduced globally as an ornamental and has subsequently naturalised and become a problem in a number of countries, including the USA and Australia. In: Global Biodiversity Information Facility, GBIF. In: Combined Proceedings, International Plant Propagators' Society, 113-118. Noxious Weeds of Australia. 2001; 107(5): 473-483. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Beware: Several varieties are considered invasive outdoors. It is considered a weed in Florida, Australia, and many other places. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Genetic basis of low seed production in garden and ornamental asparagus. the cultivated material also known as A. sprengeri ) (Green 1986; Judd, 2001). Hier entwickeln sich die Beeren. It is by Forest and Kim Starr at Starr Environmental. asparagus fern: USDA PLANTS Symbol: ASDE12 U.S. Nativity: Exotic Habit: Shrub or Subshrub Forbs/Herbs Asparagus densiflorus (Kunth) Jessop A. densiflorus does not generally affect agricultural crops, but there can be an economic cost for control where the weed threatens to cause environmental damage. In Hawaii, USA it is spreading along roadsides and invading secondary forest (PIER, 2008). Kairo M; Ali B; Cheesman O; Haysom K; Murphy S, 2003. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Shaded area represents potential planting range. Asparagus densiflorus ist ein kleiner Halbstrauch mit farnartigen Trieben, der in Dünen, felsigem Gelände oder Wäldern vom südöstlichen Kap in … A. scandens has narrower leaves up to 1.5 mm wide, solitary flowers and a more climbing habit. Sprengeri. Merkmale. Flowers are in groups at the stem apices, white or pale pink, bell-shaped, with a corolla of 6 tepals and orange anthers. Native to a small region in southern Africa (i.e. UK: Royal Botanic Gradens. University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service Fact Sheet FPS-52. 12 (2), 125-128. It has naturalized on all the main Hawaiian Islands. Chromosome number is variously recorded as 2n=40 or 2n=60. Full form— Asparagus densiflorus: ‘Sprengeri ’Sprengeri asparagus fern. This plant is considered invasive in Australia and parts of the United States including Florida, Hawaii, and southern California. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013. Invasive species A. asparagoides, known as bridal creeper, is a problematic weed in southern Australia. Meloidogyne hapla: a problem for ornamental foliage in southern Italy. 8. 7. http://plants.usda.gov. Even when southern Arizona reaches temperatures above 100 degrees the asparagus fern thrives! Zierspargel, Asparagus 5 Seeds Decorative,Garten, Töpfe. Its branches look like foxtails, hence its name. There are no pictures available for this datasheet. Conversely, Sebsebe (2006) comments that Obermeyer (1993) kept the cultivated forms under A. densiflorus (Kunth) Jessop. Seeds for sale starting at € 5.80. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 13,99 € 13,99 € 6,90 € Versand. HEAR. scrub vegetation displacing native ground cover and understory shrubs, also overtopping native wild coffee (Psychotria nervosa) (IFAS, 2008), and it is of sufficient concern for it to be recommended for voluntary withdrawal from sale in the state (Wirth et al., 2004). Asparagus densiflorus ‘Sprengeri’ Sprengeri Asparagus Fern 3 Design Considerations The Sprengeri Asparagus Fern has a clumping, arching, form that resemble mounds when grown in clusters. Der Artikel wird pro Sorte beschriftet und mit einer allgemeinen Aussaat Anleitung … usados como follaje de corte.). The genus Asparagus has sometimes been attributed to its own family Asparagaceae, but is now generally included in Liliaceae. Dauerfrost oder Werte darunter würde ich ihm trotzdem nicht zumuten. 'Sprengeri' China China China (People's Republic of) introduced invasive … asparagi and F. moniliforme. He, C., T. Hsiang, and D. J. Wolyn. A. asparagoides has fewer, larger, alternate cladodes, much larger, 1-7 cm long, 1-3 cm wide. Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 16(2):145-149. http://www.iospress.nl, DEWHA, 2008. Deliberate introduction occurs very commonly, for horticultural purposes. Formation and development of embryo and endosperm in intra- and inter-specific crosses of Asparagus officinalis and A. densiflorus cv. Asparagus densiflorus . Asparagus fern (Asparagus aethiopicus Liliaceae, also called A. sprengeri or A. densiflorus) is an invasive plant that is a member of the lily family. [ed. Zeszyty Problemowe Poste^hook~po^acute~w Nauk Rolniczych, No. GBIF. Our desert garden has a subtropical ambience thanks to the ornate asparagus fern. Use caution in planters around patios as the thorns can cause irritation. A. densiflorus is known to invade a variety of habitats, and its impacts include smothering of forest understory and ground cover and preventing the regeneration of canopy species. The needle-like leaves further complicate control efforts. Es liegt bekanntermaßen im meisten Teilen der Pazifikinseln einschließlich Hawaii, Nordamerika besonders Florida und Kalifornien, Australasien, Nordafrika und Europa importiert. Daphne mezereum L. as a further new host plant. CABI, Undated. Deliverable. Invasive species threats in the Caribbean region. VAScular Tropicos database. Asparagus densiflorus sprengeri, 3er Set. Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. 12,99 € 12,99 € 6,90 € Versand. Asparagus ferns look like asparagus. Burkill HM, 1985. 9,99 € 9,99 € 6,90 € Versand. A. densiflorus is also noted as having "good" salt tolerance (Hunt 1977).”. In New Zealand, glyphosate is recommended (EBPRC, 2008). The needle-like leaves further complicate control efforts. Planting month for zone 9: year-round. 16 (2), 160-166. The Asparagus Weeds Best Practice Management Manual offer some best practice management advice on the management and control of Asparagus weeds. ~ densiflorus, Sprenger's ~, is a plant native to South Africa. Asparagus densiflorus, commonly called asparagus fern, is not a fern, nor is it edible. Some potential biological control agents have been identified in South Africa but none has so far been developed for biological control. While it is uncertain whether or not it has become naturalised in many of the other countries to which it has been introduced, it is conversely quite certain that it is already present in cultivation in many more countries than those listed - not yet any problem, but posing a potential risk. This means it must not be released into the environment unless the distribution or disposal is authorised in a regulation or under a permit. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Und nur diese sind giftig. Scientia Horticulturae, 81(1):1-11. Taiwan Asparagus Research, 72-74:79-83. Germination and emergence of four cut foliage Asparagus species. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service Fact Sheet FPS-52. 692 pp. Asparagus falcatus 35 cm Sicheldorn-Spargel Zierspargel. (Der Pflanzenkrebs und sein Erreger Pseudomonas tumefacjens. Occurrence and biology of spiral nematode in cultures of Asparagus sprengeri. Maps . Dasgupta CN; Mukhopadhyay MJ; Sandip Mukhopadhyay, 2007. Korea: Journal of the Korean Society for Horticultural Science, 238-244. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. True leaves are represented by small scales at the base of the cladophylls. Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad del Zulia. USDA hardiness zones: 9B through 11 (Figure 3) Figure 3. Acta Horticulturae, No.755:267-276. http://www.actahort.org, PIER, 2008. Wie erwartet gibt es ebenso weitere , die von kleinerem Gelingen berichten, doch solche sind eindeutig in der Minderheit. Preliminary surveys of natural enemies of Asparagus species in South Africa have suggested a chalcid wasp, a moth larva and a rust to be of potential interest. Tu CC; Cheng AH, 1983 1985. Native to South and Eastern Africa, asparagus fern naturally thrives in areas with little water or soil. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. HEAR. Fruit is a red berry 5-8 mm in diameter, containing one or a few seeds 3-4 mm in diameter (Parsons and Cuthbertson, 1992). A number of different varieties are involved. Asparagus fern (Asparagus aethiopicus Liliaceae, also called A. sprengeri or A. densiflorus) is an invasive plant that is a member of the lily family. Plant type: herbaceous; perennial. Asparagus fern can be found spreading along roadsides and invading secondary forest systems. Two Kinds Of Asparagus Fern andreas160578 / Pixabay. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Russo G; D'Errico FP; Abagnale A, 2007. Mit-teilung. http://www.gbif.org/, Kairo M, Ali B, Cheesman O, Haysom K, Murphy S, 2003. Note IX. A. densiflorus is a spiny perennial plant, persisting and spreading by fleshy rhizomes and roots bearing white tubers 2-3 cm long. The PLANTS Database, Version 3. The extent to which it has become naturalised is not altogether clear, but it has certainly done so and become a problem in Australia and south-eastern USA. Er kann aber auch bei Zimmertemperatur überwintert werden. GBIF, 2008. Wojtowicz MR; Szczygiel A, 1990. 36 (2), 83-85. http://www.enzazadenitalia.it. An as yet little heeded disease of ornamentals. 2001; 107(5): 473-483. Weeds in Australia. This customary name is somewhat deceiving because the asparagus fern is not a fern at all; but a member of the Liliaceae, or Lily family. http://www.envbop.govt.nz/Weeds/Weed-Index.asp, eFloras, 2008. . http://plants.usda.gov. https://www.mein-schoener-garten.de/pflanzen/spargel/zierspargel Asparagus densiflorus sprengeri This asparagus fern has an upright growth habit when young, but the stems begin to arch when longer and heavier. Flora of North America (eFloras, 2008) and USDA-ARS (2008) list A. aethiopicus separately and the former states that the name Asparagus densiflorus has been misapplied to ‘this species’ (i.e. Online Database. > 10°C, Cold average temp. It reproduces by seed. A. plumosus is also a cultivated ornamental but is a climbing plant with very long branches up to 5 m long and with few, down-curved spines, or none, and black berries. Asparagus ferns are very difficult to control once established due to an extensive root structure and the ability to regrow from small parts of roots. 3,99 € 3,99 € 6,90 € Versand. usados como follaje de corte.) Flora of Tropical East Africa [ed. They produce small, white, waxy flowers that grow in groups from a single stalk of the plant. He, C., T. Hsiang, and D. J. Wolyn. The plant can be grown outdoors in the summer only as it belongs to UK hardiness group H1C. A. densiflorus has been confused with A. aethiopicus, Sprenger's asparagus, now regarded as a separate species, so that information under the name A. densiflorus will often refer to A. aethiopicus. Germination can occur from below 10°C upwards, in light or darkness (. Grows in low to high light conditions, has low nutrient requirements, and tolerates drought (Broschat and Meerow 1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa. Seven species of asparagus are recognised as Weeds of National Significance (WoNS): Asparagus aethiopicus or ground asparagus; Asparagus africanus or climbing asparagus https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2008. Noteworthy Characteristics. http://www.weeds.gov.au/, GBIF, 2008. Noteworthy Characteristics. The arching branches cascade nicely over container edges or garden walls. Asparagus densiflorus Jessop: Der Zier-Spargel (Asparagus densiflorus) ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Gattung Spargel (Asparagus) in der Familie der Spargelgewächse (Asparagaceae). It reproduces by seed. As it ages and grows, the plant forms a draping mass of feathery foliage, which works well in indoor hanging baskets or looks equally good tumbling over the side of a shelf. bushy asparagus . 267-276. http://www.actahort.org, PIER, 2008. Often used as an ornamental plant, it is considered an invasive weed in many locations. Wirth FF; Davis KJ; Wilson SB, 2004. Sea transport of ornamental branches: problems and solutions. t has been very widely introduced throughout the world as an ornamental, in private gardens and commercially for sale as a component of cut-flower arrangements, the foliage being used as a delicate ‘fern’. A. densiflorus is a spiny perennial plant, commonly found in savanna thickets in its native environment in eastern Africa and South Africa. (Meloidogyne hapla: un problema nel sud Italia per il verde ornamentale.). Somatic embryogenesis in Asparagus densiflorus (Kunth) Jessop cv Sprengeri. Retardation of yellowing and abscission by benzyladenine spray treatment in cut leaves of Asparagus [ed. It is not a fern, however, but a member of the asparagus family. ... Plants have a tendency to become invasive outdoors, so divide bed and border plants as needed. In Australia it is a plant of warm temperate regions with temperatures of 10-20°C (DEWHA, 2008). Families A- D. Kew, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, xvi + 960pp. Where A. densiflorus has become established outside the intended area, digging out the rhizomes and tubers may be feasible but is unlikely to be successful without some repetition. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Asparagus fern has a lot of good qualities, but it comes with some important cautions. The plant forms dense spiny mats, up to 2 m high in light and sandy soils, suppressing other ground flora and depleting the soil of nutrients and moisture. European Journal of Plant Pathology. Asparagus aethiopicus is an invasive plant in Florida and other areas, but I can find no substantiation that Asparagus densiflorus (foxtail fern) is invasive. (Meloidogyne hapla: un problema nel sud Italia per il verde ornamentale.) http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl, USDA-NRCS, 2008. Gewöhnlich versandfertig in 2 bis 3 Tagen. bushy asparagus . Plant Protection Quarterly, 12(4):180-186; 26 ref. Canadian Journal of Botany, 72(7):1051-1056. Activation of defense responses to Fusarium infection in Asparagus densiflorus. Gewöhnlich versandfertig in 2 bis 3 Tagen. Green PS, 1986. Sprenger asparagus . Category 3 - Must not be distributed or disposed. BROWN NA; WEISS F, 1937. Observations on C. fascians in market and flower crop cultivation in France. ~ fern is a common name; however, it is unrelated to true ferns. Asparagus fern produces long, upright or trailing, branching stems sparsely covered with sharp, stiff spines in the axils. Credits: Edward F. Gilman, UF/IFAS. Asparagus fern is also toxic to humans and pets. Introducing the dramatic Asparagus densiflorus. Asparagus ferns are very difficult to control once established due to an extensive root structure and the ability to regrow from small parts of roots. Spargel ist in Eurasien und Afrika weit verbreitet. [Click thumbnail to enlarge.] It is among the most abundant invasive ornamental weeds of sandy beachfronts in Queensland, Australia and threatens natural vegetation on Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island and a number of other islands in the Pacific Ocean. Invasive species threats in the Caribbean region. In Florida, USA it has escaped in a number of localities into e.g. The plant highlighted here is the Meyeri. asparagus fern . Dwarf asparagus fern (Asparagus densiflorus ‘Nana’) Dwarf asparagus ferns have emerald-green feathery leaves but are smaller and more compact the plumosa fern. Description. Salt tolerance of ornamentals. Often used as an ornamental plant, it is considered an invasive weed in many locations. It is also of sufficient concern for it to have been recommended for voluntary withdrawal from sale within the state (Wirth et al., 2004). Mechanically isolated photosynthetic cells from asparagus cladophylls originate from two distinct tissue locations. http://www.efloras.org/index.aspx. This species was previously known as Asparagus densiflorus in Australia, but that is now considered to be a separate African species not yet introduced here. Curepe, Trinidad and Tobago: CAB International. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Healthy plant in its pot with premium soil Asparagus densiflorus, commonly known as asparagus fern, is not a true fern. Soll Asparagus densiflorus blühen, dann ist ein kühler Winterstandort mit 5 bis 15 °C ideal. In its native area, A. densiflora is a plant of savanna thickets, widely distributed in eastern Africa from Ethiopia to South Africa (Burkhill, 1985), however, USDA-ARS (2008) gives the native range of both A. densifolius and A. aethiopicus as South Africa only. The tentacles of foxtail fern, Asparagus densiflorus ‘Myers’, add texture and structure to a perennial bed. This Asparagus densiflorus cultivar has blossoms of white flower clusters and green berries that turn bright red. A. asparagoides, A. aethiopicus (under the name A. densiflorus) and A. scandens are listed on the New Zealand National Pest Plant Accord since they are invasive plants. Asparagus fern is a member of the lily family, and the Asparagus genus. However, that causes confusion because the foxtail fern (Asparagus densiflorus), although related, is a different species and looks very different. densiflorus) and A. africanus. It is among the most abundant invasive ornamental weeds of sandy beachfronts in Queensland, Australia (Batianoff and Franks, 1997). © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Weeds in Australia. It may quickly invade disturbed sites in open sun or partial shade and can become a threat in coastal habitats, along river banks and in low fertility soils. Stems up to 2 m long are glabrous, green to brown, much-branched and ‘leafy’ but the clusters of flattened ‘leaves’ are in … Check local regulations before adding this plant to your landscape. by Journal of the Korean Society for Horticultural Science]. 2001. Asparagus densiflorus ‘meyeri’ In Südafrika und Eurasien, der Heimat des Asparagus, sind etwa dreihundert verschiedene Arten zu finden. Thrives in any well-drained soil (Stresau 1986). Asparagus has sometimes been attributed to its own family Asparagaceae, but a member of the fasciated type on sprengeri. Rounded stems, up to 1.5 mm wide, solitary flowers and a more climbing habit either, D.. Society, 113-118 plant Protection Quarterly, 12 ( 2 ):145-149. http: //www.issg.org/database/species/reference_files/Kairo % 20et %,! Do not stand on their own ( 4 ):180-186 ; 26 ref Familie der Spargelgewächse ( Asparagaceae ),... ; Judd, 2001 )., 2010 long pedicels B ; Cheesman O ; Haysom,. 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