Quotas, or as some administrators prefer, “targets”, for selection of black players have been part of South African cricket since 1999. Dalits and Adivasis are severely under-represented in Indian cricket. South Africa introduced a quota system in 1998 to address the racial discrimination caused by the Apartheid system. “You should not put a number on stuff like that” he said. For example, some black players highlighted the negative psychological impact they experienced because they were viewed as “quota” players irrespective of ability. Cricket South Africa (CSA) has implemented a new racial quota system for the national cricket team, the Proteas. South Africa have replaced injured Temba Bavuma with Dwaine Pretorius A quota system for domestic professional rugby and cricket teams was first introduced in 1999 to encourage black participation, but was scrapped in 2007. Quotas (also known as affirmative action, positive discrimination, transformation) have been the means by which South African cricket has tried to re-balance decades of injustice. The document forecasts that 80% of national players (female) will be black South Africans by 2018. To achieve lasting sporting transformation, there need to be integrated interventions at multiple levels of society by all stakeholders working together. To quote one black African cricket participant: It will provide you short-term solutions in a sense that in a team you will see three black African cricketers and that all looks good, but whether you are developing them for the next five or ten years; I don’t think it’s the most effective solution. For more than 50 years, black athletes were prohibited from representing their national sides under the draconian white-minority rule. My study concurs with previous findings that the transformation of cricket is both complex and multifaceted. Written by Sandeep Dwivedi | Cape Town | Updated: January 5, 2018 7:53:41 am Temba Bavuma is one of the … And the voices of the players affected by quotas are rarely considered. Cricket; Quota math makes picking South Africa team an unpleasant headache; Quota math makes picking South Africa team an unpleasant headache According to a 2016 official CSA instruction, the team needs to have at least six players of colour, of which at least two should be black. These numbers remain the requirements. South Africa is one of the world's leading cricket-playing nations, and is one of 12 countries sanctioned by the International Cricket Council (ICC) to play Test Cricket. Everything from investing like Warren Buffett to the Audiobiography of Cyril Ramaphosa. CSA president Chris Nenzani said the … South Africa's previously all-white cricket team has changed dramatically over the last three decades but there remains a quota target in team selection to redress the imbalances from the country's apartheid era. I would also venture to ask: would women ever be able to become the equals of men if you don’t swing the pendulum towards females for a while in an effort to achieve equilibrium; and would you be able to get non-racial teams in sport if you don’t have some form of redress? Atleast 63% Black players in team by 2023 World Cup. In 2011, new quota … My research was conducted during the third season that the quotas had been in place. Cricket is a popular sport [citation needed] in South Africa, and is popular among English-speaking as well as Afrikaans-speaking whites, the Asian/Indian community and has grown substantially in the black community. © 2020 BizNews, Inc. | The Rational PerspectiveTerms & ConditionsComments Policy. The main story of the botched Quota System come from the 2016 T20 competition in cricket. They said this affected their ability to develop expertise and to perform. It’s like all these people saying you not good enough we dropping you, you always take the fall. Initially the national team was excluded from quotas but in 2016 a selection target of 54% black, of which 18% should be black African, players on average across an entire season was announced. The quota system has done more damage to the cricket fabric in South Africa than good. Pietersen left South Africa at teenage in protest at the racial quota system which he felt was unfortunately restricting his opportunity. Some participants also argued that the majority of coaches didn’t have the intrapersonal and interpersonal skills to manage changing team dynamics. South African rugby had an agreement with the government that half the players at the 2019 Rugby World Cup should be black. So mentally that is a lot to take in and it breaks you down you know. A report on racial transformation in South African sport in 2013 found that over-simplistic, quick fixes aimed at one-dimensional, demographically based processes ignored the need for a multi-dimensional approach to transformation. Springbok captain Siya Kolisi had openly stated that he believed in opportunities, not in quotas. For South Africa, these quotas are vital means through which to reverse the apartheid policies of racial division and systemic disadvantage. Adopting a quota system similar to that of South Africa will help remove structural barriers and ensure more diversity. Read: SARU TCDF and AP 2014 to 2018 1. Cricket South Africa (CSA) has implemented a new racial quota system for the national cricket team, the Proteas. The lack of long-term player development from grassroots to senior levels has resulted in a dearth of sufficiently technically and tactically experienced black African professional cricketers. Six years ago, under pressure from the government, Cricket South Africa introduced quotas specifically for "black African" players at the senior provincial and professional level. In an effort to quicken the rate of transformation in South African cricket, domestic teams will be subject to increased quotas from the 2014-15 season. If this racial quota system continues in South African cricket, many talents will surely miss the opportunities which are dangerous for international cricket. Write an article and join a growing community of more than 118,600 academics and researchers from 3,811 institutions. Former South Africa seamer Makhaya Ntini believes the Proteas' quota system devalues the achievements of black cricketers. I explored the opinions of 43 South African professional cricketers and 16 coaches and administrators from all ethnic groups regarding quotas. My overarching finding was that the people I interviewed thought that quotas alone were not an effective, sustainable intervention for developing cricket talent in a diverse society undergoing transition. – Linda van Tilburg. She received some funding from Cricket South Africa to conduct her PhD research. Some participants also argued that the majority of coaches didn’t have the intra-personal and interpersonal skills to manage changing team dynamics. On the Springbok team’s nationwide tour to show off the World Cup, the star player spoke of the opportunities he and other players had been given to play. South Africa's cricket team have expressed their "ongoing commitment" to support the Black Lives Matter movement by raising their fists ahead of the first Test match of … Let’s take a look at the challenges facing South Africa cricket: Reservation policy: At the domestic level, South Africa has a strict quota system which allows a franchise to field only five white players. Contributing factors include a lack of quality coaching, a lack of access to facilities and equipment, insufficient player management as well as a lack of understanding of individual player circumstances and needs. Although Cricket South Africa has introduced some complementary interventions to provide additional support to players, quotas don’t address the wider socio-economic inequities that continue to plague South Africa. 1. To achieve lasting sporting transformation, there need to be integrated interventions at multiple levels of society by all stakeholders working together. Initially the national team was excluded from quotas but in 2016 a selection target of 54% black, of which 18% should be black African, players on average across an entire season was announced. Cricket South Africa's new Black representation quota target for upcoming years. They said this affected their ability to develop expertise and to perform. It’s true that targets provide access to opportunities that might not have been provided otherwise. The quota target fell short by two players in Pretoria after Temba Bavuma suffered a hip injury and was replaced by debutant Rassie van der Dussen, who now looks to retain his place as the No. Racial quotas in South African sport have been an emotive debate for the past 20 years. In the final part of our series on South African cricket, we look at the quota system and the importance of star seamer Kagiso Rabada . Why is the quota system still relevant in South Africa? Does that mean we have reached the stage where balance has been reached in two of our prominent national sports that used to be dominated by white players and if we say we did; will it lead to talent being overlooked? This need for opportunities has been echoed in the past few weeks by none other than 2019 Rugby World Cup winning captain Siya Kolisi. In … Here’s…, Crowd1 scam uses Eben Etzebeth, Duane Vermeulen…, Flashback: Graeme Joffe – SA sports mafia…, © 2020 BizNews, Inc. | The Rational Perspective, “deep-seated” changes in the mindsets of all stakeholders, limited sporting facilities for many children. We also have to consider how people who have been chosen because of his/her race or sex feel about their position? The arguments for and against are usually based on limited, subjective evidence. Ntini, the first black African to play for South Africa, … He conceded that the issue is a complicated one even for those, who have benefitted from the system. As one participant commented: “Quotas allow administrators to avoid doing proper development.”. South Africa are hosting Sri Lanka in a two-Test seriesSouth Africa have expressed their “ongoing commitment” to supporting the Black Lives Matter movement after their players raised th… Subscribe to our Newsletter to get daily updates on local affairs, with a global context. Under Cricket South Africa’s (CSA) ethnic quota policy – intended to help redress imbalances created during the apartheid era – the team should contain at least two black Africans and four others from the country’s mixed-race and Indian communities. The arguments for and against are usually based on limited, subjective evidence. Although Cricket South Africa has introduced some complementary interventions to provide additional support to players, quotas don’t address the wider socio-economic inequities that continue to plague South Africa. Many people argue that merit should be the only criteria in determining who is the best person for a team or a job, but there is the risk that old mindsets could prevail and that talent could be missed. Relevant inequities include high levels of poverty among black South Africans, poor schooling and limited sporting facilities for many children. South Africa were excluded from international cricket from 1970 until 1991 because of apartheid. Atleast 63% Black players in team by 2023 World Cup. So mentally that is a lot to take in and it breaks you down you know. Is Rhodes for the quota system? My overarching finding was that the people I interviewed thought that quotas alone were not an effective, sustainable intervention for developing cricket talent in a diverse society undergoing transition. LISTEN! Quotas (also known as affirmative action, positive discrimination, transformation) have been the means by which South African cricket has tried to re-balance decades of injustice. The new targets are aimed at increasing the number of black players in a sport which is still dominated by white people. Furthermore, differing family structures, for example a high number of single-parent families, make it more difficult for some parents to support players financially and logistically in pursuing their sporting dreams. Some argued that the major benefit was to increase access to opportunities for those previously excluded by law, outdated mindsets, prejudices, socio-economic and educational circumstances or a lack of resolve on the part of coaches, administrators and society. I feel declining talent pool is a major reason for the recent decline in the South African cricket team’s performance (they exited both the Champions Trophy 2017 and the ICC World T20 in 2016 at early stages). What South Africa's top cricketers have to say about quotas To ensure long-term sustainability it therefore requires more than a one-dimensional approach such as quotas. The lack of long-term player development from grassroots to senior levels has resulted in a dearth of sufficiently technically and tactically experienced black African professional cricketers. Although Cricket South Africa has introduced some complementary interventions to provide additional support to players, quotas don’t address the … Mary Anne Dove from the University of Cape Town has asked the opinions of top cricketers, their administrators and coaches on the merits of a quota system and found that their views were more complex than a simple” yes” or” no” to quotas. Andre M. Louw, Senior Lecturer at the School of Law, University of KwaZulu-Natal, examines the history of racial quotas in South African sport. Copyright © 2010–2020, The Conversation US, Inc. South Africa’s Lunga Ngidi celebrates after taking a wicket during a one day international against Australia. When social engineering is undertaken, whether it is in sport, politics or economic participation; it will always illicit strong opinions. The rule says that at least six players in the team’s first eleven must be native South Africans. This includes government, communities, sporting organisations, schools, clubs, families, teams, coaches and players. If you look at our national rugby and cricket teams, they are pretty balanced now and all are clearly there on merit. Andre M. Louw, Senior Lecturer at the School of Law, University of KwaZulu-Natal, examines the history of racial quotas in South African sport. The decision was taken by the United Cricket Board of South Africa's General Council and from now on the national team and senior provincial sides will be picked entirely on merit. Under Cricket South Africa’s (CSA) ethnic quota policy – intended to help redress imbalances created during the apartheid era – the national … Is a lot to take in and it breaks you down you.! 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